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年高考英语模拟试题四


  本试卷分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)两部分。
  第I卷
  第一部分 听力(略)
  第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
  第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
  阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
  A
  Traveling to Europe to see its famous monuments like the Eiffel Tower in Paris and the Colosseum (古罗马竞技场) in Rome, is not exactly the ideal vacation for kids. Fortunately, Europe has more to offer than lots of old churches and ancient history. You can enjoy some fun with your kids in the sun at some of the famous beaches of the continent.
  Mykonos, Greece
  The closer you get to the equator, the longer the beach season is, and Greece is wonderful for that. You can enjoy beautiful green water, public chairs and lovely umbrellas at the beaches in Mykonos.
  Dubrovnik, Croatia
  Theres nothing more attractive than the beautiful beaches bordering Dubrovnik, Croatias most beautiful city. Its surrounded by stone walls like a castle. It almost makes you feel like youre suntanning (曬黑皮肤) at Hogwarts, where the hero Harry Porter of the story is trained!
  Sicily, Italy
  Rabbit Beach on the island of Sicily offers shallow and crystal clear waters, making it a perfect beach for families with young children. And if you want to add interest to your experience, try snorkeling (徒手潜水).
  Nice, France
  Lined with palm trees and first-class hotels, the city of Nice, located on the French Riviera, offers a whole coastline of Mediterranean beaches. Because theyre in the heart of the city, these beaches attract a large crowd. So if youre looking for something more private, youll have to travel a few miles outside of the city center.
  Ribadeo, Spain
  At low tide, Playa de las Catedrales in Ribadeo, Spain is the perfect beach to take in the natural wonders without urban amusements like restaurants, bars or huge crowds. It boasts beautiful wild flowers and unique rock formations making it truly picture worthy.
  21. What makes Dubrovnik so special?
  A. It is surrounded by stone walls.
  B. It has the longest beach season.
  C. It has the most attractive coastline.
  D. It is the training center of Harry Porter.
  22. If you plan to go to a beach in the city, where should you go?
  A. Mykonos. B. Sicily.
  C. Nice. D. Ribadeo.
  23. Which of the following is true about Ribadeo?
  A. Visitors can try snorkeling there.
  B. It offers visitors first-class hotels.
  C. It has restaurants, bars and huge crowds.
  D. Visitors can enjoy unique rock formations there.
  24. What do all the beaches have in common?
  A. They have beautiful wild flowers.
  B. They are famous European beaches.
  C. They are well known for their green water.
  D. They provide visitors with urban amusements.
  B
  Years ago, my wife and I volunteered at a homeless shelter in downtown Los Angeles, US, preparing meals for thousands of people. I got to talk with one of the guys in line, Albert. He said he liked my socks. "Want to see mine?" he asked, lifting his leg. He was barefoot. He said he had been meaning to buy a pair but he hadnt got around to it. I felt a sinking feeling in my stomach.
  The next day, after work, I stopped at Ross and filled up a cart with socks. I stuffed my trunk with them. That next morning, I set my alarm for 5 a.m. and drove over to Santa Monicas Palisades Park, which is a common destination for homeless people.
  I took one of the bags from my trunk. It was still dark out. I headed for a group of three men, standing around a tree, probably using it as a windbreaker. Two were asleep under heavy blankets, and the third was digging through his collection. As I walked toward him, he watched me, perhaps questioning my motives. "I thought you guys might need some fresh new socks," I said, handing him a pair. He looked confused at first but took them and said, "Thank you." I gave him two more pairs for his friends.
  I moved on. An hour later, I had given out all the socks. Most people were sleeping, and I felt like Santa. I knew that when they woke up they would find a very meaningful present.
  That was nine years ago. Every week Ill hand out as many socks as I can. If Im on vacation or on a business trip for more than a week, I bring a bag of socks with me and hand them out to the homeless on the streets in other states and countries.
  Its extremely satisfying to operate "under the radar" to help make some peoples lives a little bit easier. Part of me hopes to see Albert out there one of these days, but even if I dont, I like to think one of the pairs will find him.
  25. What caused the author to hand out
  socks to the homeless?
  A. Alberts desire to get free socks.
  B. The approach of Christmas Day.
  C. His hard work at a homeless shelter.
  D. The conversation between him and Albert.
  26. Which is true about the author according to the passage?
  A. He believed it felt good to help the homeless.
  B. He went to Ross to buy a pair of socks for Albert.
  C. He handed out socks to the homeless as Christmas gifts.
  D. He was often questioned about why he was giving out socks.
  27. What could be the best title for the passage?
  A. Santa Claus brings Christmas gifts.
  B. Kindness is rewarded with kindness.
  C. Every sock helps make somebodys day.
  D. Socks are passed on from hand to hand.
  C
  Famous people have a lot of influence on cultural trends, like it or not. However, one trend that seems harmless but is actually damaging, is the pressure on stars to have their photos taken with exotic (奇异的) animals. Famous people who are asked to have photos taken with wild animals for a magazine spread or who do so while on vacation always have good intentions and even love animals. This makes them easy targets for the often greedy amusement parks and illegal animal centers. Kind people are naturally drawn to places that claim (声称) to offer exotic animals safety and are eager to see elephants paint, to hug baby bears or to swim with dolphins. However, it turns out that many of these business persons are breeders (饲养动物者), dealers or exhibitors that are using famous peoples goodwill for their own purposes.
  Many business persons continually keep the animals just so theyll have a constant supply of young animals in order to charge money for photos. Of course, the babies are lovely but they grow fast, and within a few weeks they are too big to handle. Theyll spend the rest of their lives, sometimes decades, in small and empty cages or even be killed.
  In some Asian countries, elephants are kept in camps. A few camps are working to help elephants in trouble, but the vast majority are not, and training methods are barbaric (野蠻的) and cruel. As soon as the cameras are gone after someone like Prince William has a photo taken with an elephant, the chains go back on.
  Fans, tell the stars: stay away from exotic animal photos, and the animals will be grateful.
  28. What does the author intend to do with this passage?
  A. To show how stars influence cultural trends.
  B. To urge governments to look into illegal animal centers.
  C. To persuade stars not to have photos taken with exotic animals.
  D. To remind people to think about how to treat wild animals kindly.
  29. According to the passage we can learn that many business persons ______.
  A. make a great effort to provide safety for animals
  B. take advantage of stars good intentions to make profits
  C. aim to offer good chances for people to get close to animals
  D. expect there to be little competition as exotic animals are rare
  30. Why do many business persons continually keep young animals?
  A. They expect to exchange them for money at the market.
  B. They intend to increase the number of endangered animals.
  C. They can rescue more animals and get them out of trouble.
  D. They want to make sure of having enough of them for photos.
  31. What can be inferred from the passage?
  A. Stars can have photos taken with exotic animals free of charge.
  B. Many people follow stars and have photos taken with exotic animals.
  C. Media exposure has failed to have any effect on famous people.
  D. Stars feel sympathetic and concerned about mistreated animals.
  D
  It seems that technology could be changing the places where we live. A project conducted by Johann Siau, a senior lecturer at the University of Hertfordshires School of Engineering and Technology, has built on the universitys InterHome project aimed to create a home that supervises people living at home who are weak or elderly.
  "Weve developed a wristband type of device (裝置)," said Johann Siau, "which allows us to monitor the condition of an elderly person, or whoever is wearing the device. It allows us to collect data of a person to see if the person has fallen or is away from where they are supposed to be. It connects an elderly person with an assisted living type of device with the InterHome." The assisted living project is part of the universitys wider InterHome project, which is the development of a smart house. The house stores the usage patterns of the person living there and can adapt to make it use as little energy as possible. Connecting the two together and building the service element (元素) allow us to introduce the assisted living idea to care for the elderly. Its very important that these technologies are there to help and support rather than to replace any of the existing services.
  The InterHome is not just a prototype (样品) or a vehicle for research. Its a study tool to help students from different scientific backgrounds learn about and develop technology. The InterHome combines the latest broadband technology, mobile data and communication. Researchers and students make sure that all the technology works together. Students get experience by developing new hardware and software themselves. It requires a variety of skills from students—electronic engineers, computer students, design students and so on. "The present plan we are working on is a smart home project in Watford with some commercial companies," said Johann Siau. "We are looking at how a smarter home can provide extra value services."
  32. The underlined word "supervises" in Paragraph 1 probably means "______".
  A. watches over B. gives support to
  C. directs D. comforts
  33. What is the InterHome project intended to do?
  A. Call on the students to care for old people.
  B. Provide better care and services for the elderly.
  C. Carry out all the work the existing services do.
  D. Develop houses that mainly aim to save energy.
  34. What can we learn about the InterHome project from the article?
  A. It is a large collection of many existing technologies.
  B. It is just a platform to help students to do research work.
  C. It is a smart home project developed by different universities.
  D. It allows students to put into use and try out what theyve learned.
  35. What is the main purpose of the author in writing this article?
  A. To build up a new platform for students to develop new technology.
  B. To show how future buildings will change elderly peoples way of life.
  C. To describe a new project that aims to develop a smart home for the elderly.
  D. To introduce a new kind of technology to help people to enjoy a better life.
  第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
  根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。选项中有两项为多余选项。
  Do People Need Small Talk to Be Happy?
  Psychologists (心理学家) have long said that connecting with others is an important part of happiness, but just how much conversation we require is under examination. In one study, researchers found that small talk made up only 10% of their conversation related with happiness. 36 Scientists believe that small talk could promote bonding. Late last year, Princeton researchers reported that small talk keeps closeness with loved ones, and isnt merely the stuff of awkward exchanges with strangers.
  Still, chatting with strangers could brighten your morning. In a series of experiments, psychologists gave Chicago passengers different directions about whether to talk with fellow passengers—something they typically avoided.
  37 None of the chatters reported being rejected.
  Small talk can also help us feel connected to our surroundings. People who smiled at, made eye contact with, and briefly spoke with their Starbucks baristas (服務员) reported a greater sense of belonging than those who rushed through the transaction (交易). 38 One report found that when volunteers broke the silence to chat with gallery goers, the visitors felt happier and more connected to the exhibit than those who were not approached.
  39 In one study, people who were rated "less curious" by researchers had trouble getting a conversation rolling on their own, and had greater luck building closeness with others when they were supplied with questions that encouraged personal disclosure (透露). But people who were considered "curious" needed no help when transforming conversations about ordinary things into personal exchanges. 40
  A. The same is true of gallery goers.
  B. But dont play down small talk just yet.
  C. They found that small talk is related with happiness.
  D. Those told to chat with others reported a more pleasant journey.
  E. Making small talk is an important skill for all the social situations.
  F. A "curious mindset", the author concluded, can lead to "positive social interactions".
  G. Of course, some people are better than others at turning small talk into something bigger.
  第三部分 英語知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
  第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每题1.5分,满分30分)
  阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
  I remember the first day when I saw Sally playing basketball. I watched in wonder as she struggled her way through the crowd of boys on the playground. She seemed so 41 , but she managed to shoot jump shots just over their heads and into the net. The boys always tried to stop her 42 nobody could.
  I began to notice Sally at other times, basketball in hand, playing 43 . She practiced dribbling (运球) and 44 over and over.
  One day I asked Sally why she 45 so much. Without a moment of hesitation she said, "I want to go to college. The only way I can go is to get a 46 . Im going to play college basketball and I want to be the best one. I believe that if I am 47 enough, I will get one. My father has told me that if the dream is big enough, the facts dont 48 ."
  I 49 her through those junior high years and into high school. Every week, she led her team to 50 . One day in her senior year, I saw her sitting on the grass, her head 51 in her arms. Slowly and quietly, I 52 and sat down beside her. "Whats wrong?" I asked. "Oh, nothing," came a soft reply, "I am just too short." The 53 told her that at 165cm she would probably never play for a top team—still less she would be 54 a scholarship—so she should stop dreaming about college.
  I felt she was extremely 55 . I asked her if she had talked to her dad about it yet. She told me that her father said those coaches were 56 . They didnt understand the 57 of a dream.
  The next year, Sally was seen by a college basketball coach after a big game. She was
  58 offered a scholarship and 59 to the college team. She was going to get the college education that she had 60 and worked toward for all those years.
  Its true: if the dream is big enough, the facts dont count.
  41. A. silent B. small
  C. strong D. huge
  42. A. but B. and
  C. so D. for
  43. A. still B. again
  C. well D. alone
  44. A. passing B. running
  C. shooting D. struggling
  45. A. studied B. practiced
  C. expected D. improved
  46. A. title B. prize
  C. scholarship D. reward
  47. A. good B. brave
  C. careful D. active
  48. A. lack B. talk
  C. appear D. count
  49. A. encouraged B. respected
  C. watched D. helped
  50. A. victory B. confidence
  C. responsibility D. profession
  51. A. dropped B. buried
  C. covered D. sunk
  52. A. walked off B. walked out
  C. walked around	D. walked up
  53. A. coach B. teacher
  C. captain D. leader
  54. A. suggested B. sent
  C. promised D. offered
  55. A. worried B. excited
  C. disappointed D. surprised
  56. A. great B. wrong
  C. strict D. cruel
  57. A. pressure B. value
  C. cause D. power
  58. A. exactly B. naturally
  C. really D. normally
  59. A. taken B. admitted
  C. introduced D. appointed
  60. A. dreamed of B. picked up
  C. benefited from	D. carried out
  第II卷
  第三部分 英語知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
  第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
  阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 并将答案填写在答题卡相应的位置上。
  Tea is consumed around the world more than any other drink except water. Originating in China, tea has long established 61 (it) as the national drink of this country.
  A century before the birth of Christ, tea
  62 (describe) in Chinese texts as a health drink that made one live longer. Today, it is still being regarded as such. Both green and black teas are claimed to be effective for 63
  (prevent) cancer, heart disease, and many other deadly diseases. There is only one point 64
  people need to be aware of when they drink tea—it should not be drunk along with meals.
  Tea, a popular drink in China and many other countries, 65 (be) carefully prepared according to local customs. 66 Chinese put loose tea in teapots, add boiling water, and serve it in teacups. The strong tea from Chinas Fujian Province is drunk in tiny cups before dinner. Lighter teas with jasmine (茉莉), rose or other
  67 (flower), usually served after dinner, are special to Chinas Changjiang River regions.
  Many English people, travelling away from home, feel 68 a loss if their favourite teabags are not available. Afternoon tea in England is still a time-honoured tradition. Its a good opportunity for people to socialize or discuss business matters.
  In Japan, a tea ceremony is often held while people are drinking tea. The ceremony, usually 69 (hold) in a teahouse, dates back to the 16th century. Guests follow strict rules set up then and the tea used is a powdered green tea. Though still practised today, the ceremony may not be as popular 70 it used to be.
  第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
  第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
  假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
  增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(Λ),并在其下面写出该加的词。
  删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
  修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
  注意:
  1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
  2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
  Last weekend we went for camping in the mountains with our teacher, Anna. When we arrived, we made a camp fire first. Then, Anna taught us to catch fish so that they could have more food to eat that night. I liked the airs there because it was fresh and clean. Many stars were up highly in the sky and the moon looked bright. We all sat around the fire, listening Annas stories about her childhood. She was born into a poor family or she had worked very hard to be successful. I was very touched that I couldnt sleep the whole night, thought about being a teacher in the future. When I get home, I said to my parents, "Everything was great about the camping. I want to be the teacher like Anna in the future."
  第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
  假定你是李华,你的英国笔友David寒假期间想来你所在的城市学习汉语,让你帮他选择培训学校。请用英语给他写一封电子邮件,推荐一所理想的培训学校,并告知他学习时间、课程内容、食宿、交通及学费等情况。
  注意:
  1.词数100左右;
  2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
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