The World Heritage Centre （WHC） is pleased to announce the Call for Projects for the World Heritage Volunteers （WHV） Campaign 2016. In the framework of the UNESCO World Heritage Education Programme， the Initiative is led by the UNESCO World Heritage Centre （WHC） in collaboration with the Co-ordinating Committee for International Voluntary Service （CCIVS）.
The WHV 2016 shall aim to raise awareness of young people， volunteers and local communities， about World Heritage related to sustainable development and biodiversity， integrating non-formal education tools on heritage preservation and conservation. For more information， please consider the Call for Projects document at this website.
Who can participate in this campaign？
Youth organisations that want to sensitise young people to the value of World Heritage sites， NGOs and institutions including public authorities that wish to organise an action camp to preserve and promote a World Heritage site with young national and international volunteers.
How to apply for this campaign？
We kindly invite all the interested organi-sations and institutions to join the Initiative. In order to get involved in or renew your commitment to the protection and preservation of World Heritage through voluntary action and non-formal education， please fill in the on-line application as follows： form.jotformeu.com.
Please submit your application at the latest by 3 January 2016 at midnight （Paris Time）.
If you have difficulties to access the online form， please download the PDF application from below and send it to firstname.lastname@example.org （for projects in Africa， Arab States and Latin America）， to email@example.com （for projects in Europe） or firstname.lastname@example.org （for projects in Asia） with a copy to i.yousfi
21. Who cant participate in this campaign？
B. Young professors.
C. Youth organisations.
D. Public authorities.
22. An institution from China should send the application form to_______.
23. Where is the passage most probably taken from？
A. A report. B. A newspaper. C. A novel. D. A webpage.
Soft winds blew throughout the Windy City today. We welcomed the winds， as it was another hot day in Chicago. The wind blew， bringing us some coolness and making the weather not that hot. But it was a beautiful summer day with a blue sky.
Chicago is a great city for eating， and we have enjoyed tasting the different foods. Last night， we tried one of the citys most famous foods： deep-dish pizza. Chicago claims credit for the rich and cheesy thick-crust pizza， covered with a sweet tomato sauce. We topped it with olives and green peppers.
We were touring the city， mainly looking for delicious local foods. Today， we enjoyed a Polish specialty at lunch： Pierogis， an Eastern European dumpling-like dish， filled with foods like potatoes， cheese， mushrooms， cabbage and meat. Polish immigrants started settling in Chicago in the 1850s， and the city has one of the largest Polish communities in the U.S.
We took a break from exploring the city to talk with some of you！ Ashley and Caty logged onto the Internet for an on-the-road version of TALK2US. We spoke to an English teacher in Tokyo， Japan， and a graduate student in India.
Meanwhile， Adam searched for some locations around the city to shoot some video. He chose a spectacular spot： Navy Pier， Chicagos most-visited attraction. The winds from Lake Michigan keep visitors cool， and the view of the Chicago skyline never fails to impress. In fact， the view made all of us head over heels！
Our time in Chicago has come to an end. Tomorrow， the true journey begins， as we pass through Illinois and into Missouri via Route 66. Springfield， the home of Abe Lincoln， and St. Louis， the ＂gateway to the West，＂ wait for us.
24. Why did the author and her companions
like the soft winds？
A. It brought warmth to them.
B. It left the sky blue and beautiful.
C. It made them feel comfortable.
D. It improved the quality of the air.
25. What did the author and her companions
mainly do in Chicago？
A. They enjoyed famous local foods.
B. They visited Polish communities.
C. They studied the history of the city.
D. They explored for foreign customs.
26. The author and her companions stayed
A. sharing their travel plan with strangers
B. communicating with strangers abroad
C. asking for information on foreign foods
D. learning about different cultures in the world
27. The underlined part ＂head over heels＂ in
Paragraph 5 can be replaced by ________.
A. bored B. fascinated
C. relaxed D. disappointed
Nowadays people are not so excited by parties and social gatherings. This is not because of having no desire to socialize， but because of smartphones.
When they are gathering together， more people are on their smartphones than on their drinks. According to a recent International Data Corporation study， well over half of all Americans have a smartphone and reach for it the moment they wake up， keeping it in hand all day. In addition， too much of society is using smartphones while driving and as a result getting into car crashes. 34 percent of teens admit to text while driving， and they confirm that text messaging is their number one driving interruption. Peoples attachment to their smartphones is unbelievably becoming more important than the lives of themselves and others.
Just as drivers ignore the importance of focusing while on the road， many people also fail to recognize the significance of human interaction. When with their friends， some people pointlessly check or send text messages in the presence of a friend， which sends a message to that friend： the person I am texting is more important than you. In addition， relying on our smartphone to make friends does not give us the same advantage as being able to make new friendships in the real world. Face-to-face conversations will give us much stronger communication skills in the long run.
As many people risk their lives and the lives of people around them just to send a text or mindlessly check their massages， smartphones are in many ways more dangerous to people. The quality of this technology is de-advancing societal achievements and weakening the value of communication. Not only is the smartphone affecting our desire to interact （交流） face-to-face but it is also lowering societys ability to communicate.
28. The second paragraph is developed by ______.
A. giving examples
B. listing figures
C. analyzing the effects
D. comparing facts
29. The author advocates us to make new friends ______.
A. under a free circumstance
B. in a face-to-face way
C. in different ways
D. by using smartphones
30. Over dependence on the smartphone leads to the fact that ______.
A. parties and gatherings limit their social circle
B. peoples communication skills are weakened
C. people are more and more narrow-minded
D. face-to-face communication becomes less important
31. The purpose of this text is to ______.
A. appeal to us to pay attention to communication skills
B. call for an end to use the smartphone while driving
C. express a concern about the overuse of the smartphone
D. advise us to be cautious about the addiction to the smartphone
Scientists are debating how to limit their newly-discovered power to change genetic structure （結构）. Scientists already modify the genes （基因） of farm animals and agricultural plants to make them more productive or stronger. But now they can also change genes in wild animals and plants. These genes would continue into later generations. For example， it may be possible for scientists to remove from existence the kind of mosquitoes， small flying insects， that carry the Zika virus. They might also be able to permanently remove species （物种） of plants and animals that are damaging to other species.
In a report published last week， the U. S. National Academies of Sciences， Engineering and Medicine （NAS） said it supports continued research on this kind of gene control. But it warned that it is not possible to know what will happen when these changed plants and animals are released （释放） into the wild.
Sixteen biologists， ethicists （伦理学家） and policymakers are on an NAS committee that is examining the issue. They say that there is value to the new technology. But， they say， there is not enough evidence to support the release of modified organisms （生物体） from the laboratory into nature.
Many people would support stopping mosquitoes and rats from carrying diseases. But scientists say we must understand the possible scientific， ethical， legal and social results of such action before we decide whether to take it. Gene modification is spread through reproduction （繁殖）.
Changed genes will continue to spread as long as an animal or plant continues to reproduce. They cannot be limited to a farm or kept within a countrys borders. Scientists are wondering what may happen if a modified organism mates with another species. They are not yet sure how the modified genes would affect the other species. It is possible that those genes could harm those creatures or even lead to their disappearance from our planet.
32.What possible advantage does gene control in wild animals and plants have？
A. Getting rid of damaging species forever.
B. Changing the Zika virus permanently.
C. Having the changed genes in their next generations.
D. Making all the species more productive and stronger.
33. As for genetically changed wild animals and plants， what are scientists worried about？
A. They may become weaker or die out.
B. They may be more productive than before.
C. They may cause damage to their living habitat.
D. Their genes may spread to later generations.
34. According to the passage， we know that ______.
A. scientists are certain what exact results gene modification leads to
B. scientists wont modify any genes before they make the final decision
C. gene modification can benefit some farm animals and agricultural plants
D. gene modification will be encouraged in
more creatures in the near future
35. The article is mainly intended to ______.
A. appeal against research on gene control
B. show how to change genetic structure
C. inform us of power and danger of gene control
D. give the reason why gene modification is necessary
How to Reduce Air Pollution Problems
All of us need to be concerned about air pollution. You may not know we can help reduce air pollution in our own little way， making a significant difference. It may cause some inconvenience， but this is a small price to pay for clean air.
36 Instead of throwing everything away， find ways to reuse it. Check out the recycling programs and centers in your area and get involved. You might even make a few dollars， since some places give small cash rewards. Get busy and recycle today.
37 The less vehicles running around the better. Anytime you get a chance walk or ride a bicycle instead of driving. Do all your errands in one trip such as the store， bank etc.
Plant trees and keep the trees you have healthy. Trees can reduce air pollution problems. 38 And they can block cold winds in winter， thus helping us improve energy efficiency.
Get rid of poisonous chemicals at home. There are plenty of non-toxic household products on the market to choose. 39
There are many small things you can do to help pollution problems. For example， use energy efficient appliances and unplug them when not in use， keep heat down in winter and A/C in summer， insulate well and seal air leaks at windows and doors.
Lastly， know that there are many other ways you can help， however， this short list will get you started. 40
A. So， dont delay and do your part today.
B. Ride with a friend or take public transport.
C. While painting use a brush instead of a sprayer.
D. Recycling is a great way to help reduce air pollution.
E. They do this by producing oxygen， providing shade in summer.
F. You need to understand that the quality of the air we breathe matters.
G. Some of the gas lawnmowers people are using produce a lot of smog.
My father grew up in Oklahoma during the early years of the Great Depression. He was the only living child of a hard-working farmer and a
41 mother. When Dad completed eighth grade， my grandfather believed his only son would work on the farm. My grandmother， 42 ， understood the door that education could open even in 43 economic times. She persuaded grandfather to 44 Dad to finish high school.
Dad worked hard and completed high school at the age of 16. At last， grandpa was to have his wish. Dad would work on the farm， easing the economic and physical 45 grandpa carried. But grandmother again 46 grandpa to permit my father to go to college.
After 47 ， grandpa made the most difficult decision of his lifetime. He walked to the chicken coop（雞笼子）， where he did his 48 . Taking a shovel in his work-worn hands， grandpa 49 a jar that held all the familys savings. He offered the jar and its precious 50 to Dad， saying， ＂Here boy， go make something of yourself.＂
Realizing that his family was 51 all their savings by investing in his education， Dad became a steward of those funds. He 52 his bachelors degree and then went on to the University of Oklahoma， where he graduated second in his 53 school class in 1936. Jobs were hard to 54 when Dad graduated， so he opened his own practice and lived in a home with a dirt floor. He worked long hours， but I remember him 55 the great books he discovered in the course of his education with me.
Our family was changed by the long walk grandpa took to the chicken coop. Education is 56 an investment in our family. It is a treasure. I 57 my father to college and law school， and all of my children have also 58
higher education. We have been transformed by a sacrifice made two 59 ago by a loving， if not fully convinced， grandfather and a persistent grandmother and that has made all the 60 .
41. A. beautiful B. curious
C. devoted D. capable
42. A. however B. so
C. otherwise D. thus
43. A. great B. tough
C. peaceful D. competitive
44. A. force B. take
C. ask D. permit
45. A. pains B. burdens
C. troubles D. activities
46. A. begged B. refused
C. ordered D. required
47. A. graduation B. work
C. reflection D. permission
48. A. cooking B. cleaning
C. farming D. banking
49. A. dug up B. picked up
C. broke up D. cut up
50. A. books B. contents
C. bills D. coins
51. A. wasting B. storing C. treasuring D. sacrificing
52. A. failed B. received
C. offered D. needed
53. A. maths B. education
C. economics D. law
54. A. come off B. come by
C. come about D. come on
55. A. making B. writing
C. sharing D. protecting
56. A. more than B. rather than
C. other than D. less than
57. A. joined B. followed
C. advised D. accompanied
58. A. sought B. insisted
C. favored D. considered
59. A. years B. centuries
C. decades D. generations
60. A. sense B. difference
C. effect D. use
Everyone 61 （complain） about being stuck in traffic. It is quite possible that the future city will have no traffic at all. H.G Wells， in his book The Sleeper Awakes， tells something about the traffic. In the streets of that future London there will be no vehicles. The city 62
（provide） with moving roads. One side of the road travels 63 one direction； the other side moves the opposite way. Anyone who wants to go to another part of the city steps on 64
moving ＂way＂ and sits on one of the seats until he arrives. He has none of the troubles， 65 a private car brings with it： whether there is enough petrol， whether the tyres are all right， where to park it. The moving way is always at his service， always moving 66 （silent） along， always ready 67 （take） him to his destination. That city of the future has no traffic jams.
To link up the 68 （vary） cities， vehicles driven by atomic power will pass along highways 69 （divide） into two main groups of lanes. Each group will consist of several lanes， some for slow traffic， some for fast. Crossroads will not exist on these highways， but will be replaced by bridges and junctions（交叉口）. Where these highways enter 70 （city）， ports and other built-up areas， they will pass through underground tunnels.
Kate was walking in the teaching building when she slipped on the wet floor， make a mess of her coat. Thinking that the cleaner failed to do her job， so she could hardly contain her anger and began complaining about a loud voice. The cleaner stood there with an embarrassing look. As it turned out later， there was the sign＂Caution！ Wet Floor！ ＂ put beside. Her face turned red.
Had she put herself into the cleaners shoe， it wouldnt ruined the nice day. Complaining simple leads to a bad mood， which may prevent us solving problems. Only when we stop complaining and taking positive action， can I have a peaceful mind and enjoy our life.
假定你是李华，你的外教Mr Green回国前向你推荐了American School Life网站，希望你能借此提高英语水平。请你用英语给他写一封电子邮件，告诉他你的收获，要点如下：