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年高考英语模拟试题七


  本試卷分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)两部分。
  第I卷
  第一部分 听力(略)
  第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
  第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
  阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
  A
  These sample interview questions come direct from the tutors who conduct the interviews. We hope theyll make you think, and help you understand why we ask the questions that we do.
  Geography
  Interviewer: Lorraine Wild, St Hildas College
  If I were to visit the area where you live, what would I be interested in?
  The question gives candidates an opportunity to apply concepts from their A level geography course to their home area. They might discuss urban planning and regeneration, or issues of environmental management. The question probes (探究) whether they are able to apply ‘geographical thinkingto the everyday landscapes around them. It reveals the extent to which they have a curiosity about the world around them. By asking specifically about their home area the question eliminates (消除) any advantage gained by those who are more widely travelled and have more experience of a variety of geographical contexts.
  Music
  Interviewer: Dan Grimley, Merton College
  If you could invent a new musical instrument, what kind of sound would it make?
  This question is really very open-ended, and Im interested in answers which demonstrate a critical imagination at work—what kinds of sounds do instruments/voices make now, and how might these be imaginatively extended/developed? Are there new ways of producing sound (digital media) which have transformed the way we listen or understand sound? Is the idea of an‘instrument somehow outdated these days, and can we imagine more mixed ways of generating/experiencing musical sound? Its by no means limited to classical music — Id welcome answers which deal with musical styles and tastes of all kinds (and which are produced/consumed in all places).
  21. The first interviewer asks about the candidates home area rather than other places to _________.
  A. avoid being unfair to all candidates
  B. encourage them to develop their hometown
  C. express interest in their home country
  D. test students talent in geography
  22. What kind of answers does the second interviewer expect?
  A. They have made plans to invent a new instrument.
  B. They talk about styles of classic music as many as possible.
  C. They think of instruments that have already disappeared.
  D. They display their imagination to mix different musical styles.
  23. From the second interview question, you find the university prefers to admit students who ________.
  A. gain a mix of experience in different areas of subjects
  B. take a critical view to explore new ideas in the chosen subject
  C. have a good memory of concepts from their A level courses
  D. show a talent for making the most of interviews
  B
  Is it your dream to fly and to work in space? Do you want to be a NASA astronaut? Like many jobs, the first thing would be to fill out the application. A record-breaking 18,300 people filled out applications recently when NASA announced it was filling its 2017 Astronaut Candidate program. But out of those 18,300 applicants, just eight to 14 will be hired by the U.S. space agency.
  It will take 18 months to decide who will be in the new class of astronauts. NASA will review all of the files, which will later go to its current team of astronauts, to make sure they meet the basic qualifications.
  The first requirement is the applicants must be U.S. citizens. They need a college degree in engineering, biological science, physical science, computer science, or mathematics. They also need at least three years of experience in a similar field or at least 1,000 hours as a jet airline pilot.
  There are requirements to pass a physical test. And then there are personality tests as well. What kinds of personality qualities is NASA looking for in an astronaut? NASAs Selection Manager Anne Roemer said, "I think leadership, teamwork, the ability to not only work on a team, lead a team, but also follow, be a follower on a team. Communication certainly plays a role, so its some pretty common skills that I think translate into even other professions."
  About 120 applicants will be invited to the Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas, for a first round of interviews, about half of whom will go back for a second round. Once selected, they must complete two years of training in everything about spaceflight—things like learning about all the systems used by NASA, walking in space and Russian language training. Until the U.S. has a working vehicle to launch into space, NASA still depends on Russia to get astronauts into space.
  24. What is the percentage of employment among the applicants?
  A. About half of them.
  B. About 8 to 14.
  C. About 120 applicants.
  D. Less than 0.08 percent.
  25. Which do you think is the most important personality quality according to NASAs Selection Manager?
  A. Devotion.
  B. Team spirit.
  C. Communication.
  D. Perseverance.
  26. Which is NOT the basic requirement the applicants have to meet?
  A. A college degree in required areas.
  B. Related experience.
  C. Speaking Russian fluently.
  D. Passing physical and personality tests.
  27. Which may be the best title for this text?
  A. What it takes to be an astronaut.
  B. What an astronaut should train in.
  C. NASA welcomes its most applicants ever.
  D. NASA 2017 Astronaut Candidate program.
  C
  You can fake a smile, but your phone knows the truth. Depression can be detected by tracking the number of minutes you use the phone and your daily geographical locations, reports a small Northwestern Medicine study.
  The more time you spend using your phone, the more likely you are depressed. The average daily usage for depressed people was about 68 minutes, while for non-depressed people it was about 17 minutes. Spending most of your time at home or in fewer locations was also linked to depression, as was having a less regular day-to-day schedule, leaving your house and going to work at different times each day, for example.
  Phones can provide data secretly and with no effort on the part of the user. The smartphone data was more reliable in detecting depression than asking people how happy or sad they were each day. The data showing depressed people tended not to go many places reflects the loss of motivation. When people are depressed, they dont have the motivation or energy to go out and do things.
  The research found people who spent the most time on their phones were surfing the web or playing games, rather than talking to friends. People are likely, when on their phones, to avoid thinking about things that are troubling, painful feelings or difficult relationships. Dr David Mohr, one of the studys authors, explained, "its an avoidance behavior we see in depression."
  They analyzed the GPS locations and phone usage for 20 women and eight men with an average age of 29 over two weeks.
  The goal of the research is to passively detect depression and different levels of emotional states related to depression. The technology could be used to monitor people who are at risk of depression. The researchers say future research will look at whether getting people to change those behaviors linked to depression improves their mood and reduce symptoms of depression.
  28. According to this study, which is NOT the factor that linked to depression?
  A. Time spent using the phone.
  B. Changes to normal schedules.
  C. Talking to friends on the phone.
  D. Always staying in particular locations.
  29. What does this study contribute to the depression research?
  A. Smartphone data use increases the accuracy of research.
  B. It secretly spies on participants through their phones.
  C. Phone interviews prove to be more objective.
  D. It identifies how participants were using their phones.
  30. What do depressed people mostly avoid doing on their phones?
  A. Playing mobile games with best friends forever.
  B. Planning their journey outside of where they live.
  C. Using more of their cameras than other features.
  D. Seeking advice on how to deal with demanding bosses.
  31. The researchers say further study is needed in _________.
  A. behavior changes
  B. depressive symptoms
  C. phone detection
  D. standardized questionnaire
  D
  Dear Parents/Carers,
  It has been 2 weeks since I started as Headteacher at St. Chads so I thought it would be a good time to write to you and let you know what I have found at the school.
  I have great pleasure in telling you that this is a warm, welcoming community where our values are very much in evidence to me on a daily basis. Of course, I do not need to tell you that it would have been a key factor in why you sent your child to this school. I started my first day here meeting with all the staff and then with all the pupils in a series of assemblies.
  What you will also know is that St. Chads is a very busy school. Within my first week there were trips to see "Mary Poppins" and a football match at Old Trafford, a visit to the Higher Education fair	in Manchester for Year 12 and a treat trip for Year 8 to reward good attendance. I have also had the pleasure of meeting future members of St. Chads with a number of our feeder primary schools taking part in tremendous activities.
  It was also World Book Day and our pupils and staff have spent time discussing what reading means in	our world today. All pupils were given a ?1 book token to spend in their local bookstore which I know you will encourage your child to use. Assessment Week 3 has also taken place for all pupils. I am looking forward to seeing the improvements in academic achievement.
  I look forward to meeting you soon at one of the many school events still to come. Thank you for your continued support which provides a strong partnership to support our children.
  Yours sincerely,
  Mr Paziuk
  Headteacher
  32. Mr Paziuk wrote this letter in order to __________.
  A. show how grateful he felt being chosen as Headteacher
  B. introduce what he had found since he started as Headteacher
  C. encourage all students to work hard at their lessons
  D. share the many school events with parents/carers
  33. Which may be important in this schools admissions procedure?
  A. It practices the common values that people accept.
  B. It organizes entrance examinations and interviews.
  C. It has continued support from local families.
  D. It involves students from its feeder schools in activities.
  34. What does "token" in Paragraph 4 refer to?
  A. A round piece of metal used instead of money.
  B. A special card that can be exchanged for goods in a shop.
  C. Something that represents your feelings.
  D. A gift that you receive due to your achievements.
  35. They celebrated World Book Day by ________ among students and teachers.
  A. handing out red envelopes
  B. encouraging parents to read
  C. discussing the significance of reading
  D. doing shared reading in the assembly
  第二節(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
  根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。选项中有两项为多余选项。
  How to become the best version of yourself?
  When we step outside, wed prefer it if we were presenting the best version of ourselves to people. But when you return home, 36 . If youre looking to get more out of your life, here are a few things you need to do in order to become the best.
  Stop being negative
  37 If you tell yourself that you cant do something, your brain is going to instantly give up. If, however, you tell yourself that you can totally do this, your brain will wake up and rise to the challenge. For this reason, 38 . Instead of saying: "I cant" — say: "I can!" Dont worry about what others might think. Tell yourself that youre going to win today.
  39
  Even though none of us are perfect, some of us are still very good at presenting the best version of ourselves. How? By being okay with our flaws (缺点). Flaws are what make us human. Instead of trying to hide them, celebrate them.   Focus on your values   Your values are important. Our values guide our thought, action and decision. A person who knows his values is consistent with everything he does. He is sure of himself. Write down your core values. This will give some way to ensuring that you are the best. 40   A. You will become a person who makes decisions with confidence.   B. Put an end to past regrets   C. Its time to set boundaries by looking after yourself for a change.   D. its easy to fall back into your old habits.   E. Your brain is wired to take what you say as truth.   F. Celebrate your imperfections   G. its important that you cut the negative talk.   第三部分 英語知识运用(共两节,满分45分)   第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每题1.5分,满分30分)   阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。   Food waste is a big problem. When you toss (扔) a 41 apple, youre not just 42 the food, but all the resources 43 went into producing it.   Water plays a major role in food production, and 44 , food waste translates to a huge amount of water wastage. All foods have a water footprint, the direct and indirect water that goes into producing a certain food— 45 some footprints are larger than others. In general, meats tend to need the most water for production, 46   because of the amount of food the animal needs. So for example, the water footprint of beef 47   water thats used to grow the animals feed and to 48 the farm, as well as drinking water for the animal. Also, larger animals arent as efficient   49 meat production as smaller animals like chickens or turkeys, and the bigger beasts 50   have a larger water footprint. Consider this: The water footprint of beef 51 1,800 gallons per pound, 52 a chickens water footprint is roughly 519 gallons per pound.   Food waste has other environmental 53 , too. Rotting food that 54 its way into landfills releases methane (甲烷), which is more 55 to the environment than carbon dioxide.   All is not lost, however. 56 are numerous efforts underway to cut food loss at every level. Even simple changes can have big effects. A few years ago, college cafeterias 57   the U.S. began to go trayless. It forced students to think about 58 they really wanted to eat. The seemingly simple 59 helped reduce food waste by 25 to 30 percent in some colleges.   60 , change at any level—whether its as a supplier, retailer or consumer—will help ease the impact of food waste on natural resources.   41. A. fresh B. green   C. rotten D. ripe   42. A. throwing away B. putting aside   C. throwing off D. putting through   43. A. what B. which   C. / D. that   44. A. by no means B. as a result   C. before long D. within limits   45. A. since B. although   C. whether D. whenever   46. A. honestly B. definitely   C. primarily D. slightly   47. A. equals B. includes   C. attracts D. provides   48. A. maintain B. build   C. repair D. recycle   49. A. in addition to B. in terms of   C. in charge of D. in honor of   50. A. therefore B. actually   C. somehow D. anyway   51. A. consists of B. breaks up into   C. adds up to D. come up to   52. A. then B. for   C. while D. when   53. A. reasons B. factors   C. results D. impacts   54. A. makes B. pushes   C. loses D. picks   55. A. beneficial B. friendly   C. disturbing D. harmful   56. A. Those B. There   C. They D. These   57. A. within B. through   C. over D. across   58. A. what B. that   C. which D. how   59. A. decrease B. reform   C. progress D. move   60. A. Successfully B. Faithfully   C. Fortunately D. Accurately   第II卷   第三部分 英語知识运用(共两节,满分45分)   第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)   阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 并将答案填写在答题卡相应的位置上。   Bob Dylan attended the 10-year reunion for Hibbing Highs Class of 1959 on Aug. 2, 1969, 61 (return) to his hometown of Hibbing to   gather 62 his former fellow students. The scene was a little strange; as one attendee said, "My memory of 63 is of Bob standing in one corner and of people going up and shaking his hand. I didnt like that. I 64 (be) happier if he had just been able to sit down and be one of our classmates."   65 Bob Dylan fans are aware, his relationship with Hibbing hasnt always been warm. Bob once said in an interview, "When I left there, I knew one thing: I had to get out of there and not come back." 66 , more than 50 years after Dylan graduated, Hibbing   67 (develop) into a sort of tourist attraction for hardcore fans. People come here and tell their stories. They either 68 (grow) up with him or are related to him.   Although Dylan hasnt 69 (public) been back since that 10-year reunion, hes more of a local presence than ever. The local library has 70 is possibly the nations only public collection of artifacts (手工艺品) relating to the singer.   第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)   第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)   假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。   增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(Λ),并在其下面写出该加的词。   删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。   修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。   注意:   1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;   2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。   Being a volunteer is beneficial in some ways. Then we involve us in the community. We can also make new friends or learn useful social skills. Most important, it gives us a good opportunity to build up our knowledge through actual experience and have fun as well.   I hope more of you would join Young Volunteers Club. Lets show our concern for the disabled around them. Lets clean the parks in the neighborhood. Lets go to nursing homes share our love with those in need. Remember, we will make a big difference since were willing to lend a help hand so lets take an immediate action.   第二节 书面表达(满分25分)   你校将要举办一场英语演讲比赛,主题是"健康"。请你以How to keep healthy为题,写一篇演讲稿。   注意:   1.词数100左右;   2.文中不得以任何形式透露地名、校名、人名等真实信息。   __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 
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