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年中考英语模拟试题六


  第Ⅰ卷(選择题 共75分)
  第一部分 听力(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)(略)
  第二部分 语言知识运用(共两节;满分25分)
  第一节 语法和词汇(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
  从每小题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
  21. I like this house with a beautiful garden, but I dont have enough money to buy ______.
  A. one B. it
  C. this D. that
  22. After 16 days of sporting excitement, the Olympic Games ______South America lowered its curtain in Rio de Janeiro ______
  Sunday.
  A. at; in B. in; in
  C. on; at D. in; on
  23. According to a report, Chinese youth have become taller, ______ they are also fatter and have worse eyesight.
  A. and B. so
  C. but D. or
  24. The ______ shoes were covered with mud, so I asked them to take them off before they got into ______ car.
  A. girls; Toms B. girls; Toms
  C. girls; Toms D. girls; Toms
  25. About 1.75 billion people worldwide ______ English at a useful level, and by 2020 its expected to be two billion.
  A. talk B. say
  C. tell D. speak
  26. Since the Rio Olympic Games, Chinese Olympic swimmer Fu Yuanhui ______ popular in China.
  A. becomes B. has become C. became D. will become
  27. The lack of eco-friendly habits among the public is thought to be a major______ of global climate change.
  A. result B. cause
  C. change D. way
  28. About 88 percent of parents choose to send their children to study English before age 5, because of the belief that children are better at ______ languages between 3 and 5 years old.
  A. turning up B. picking up
  C. sending up D. making up
  29. In some countries, people eat with chopsticks, while in ______, knives and forks.
  A. another B. others
  C. both D. all
  30. In recent years, more schools have quietly relaxed their rules on girls hair, ______ requiring girl students to have a short haircut at the beginning of the term.
  A. even B. hardly
  C. only D. then
  31. It is so cold that you cant go outside ______you are fully covered in thick clothes.
  A. if B. unless
  C. once D. when
  32. Pop music is such an important part of society ______ it has even influenced our language.
  A. as B. that C. which D. where
  33. If we ______ now to protect the environment, well live to regret it.
  A. hadnt acted B. havent acted
  C. dont act D. wont act
  34. —Come on in, Peter. I want to show you something.
  —Oh, how nice of you! I ______ you ______ to bring me a gift.
  A. never think; are going
  B. never thought; were going
  C. didnt think; were going
  D. hadnt thought; were going
  35. President Xi said in the New Year Speech that______ we roll up our sleeves to work harder, we will surely accomplish the Long March of our generation.
  A. while B. as if
  C. even though D. as long as
  第二节 完形填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
  阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出能填入短文相应空白处的最佳选项。
  British people are famous for 36 in almost every situation. Whether we are apologizing for asking a question, 37 for our bad weather, we are probably the number-one nation for apologies.
  We Brits pride ourselves on our 38
  manners towards one another in public. 39 , we often use the word "sorry" quite a lot—even when we dont really 40 it! Usually, if you want to ask a stranger for the 41 , you would start by saying "Sorry to bother you. Do you know what time it is?" If youre five minutes 42 for an appointment, you would 43 greet the person by saying "Sorry Im late!" and if youre 15 minutes late, you might want to be even more apologetic and say, "Im so sorry Im late!"
  So why do Brits use it so much? Well, in the British 44 , saying "sorry" , or apologizing in general, is a way to be polite, especially to people 45 you dont know very well.
  36. A. dancing B. laughing
  C. praising D. apologizing
  37. A. and B. but
  C. or D. if
  38. A. polite B. rude
  C. bad D. strange
  39. A. At last B. As a result
  C. At first D. On the one hand
  40. A. mean B. say
  C. translate	D. explain
  41. A. place B. person
  C. time D. reason
  42. A. early B. later
  C. earlier D. late
  43. A. generally	B. hardly
  C. wonderfully	D. possibly
  44. A. textbook	B. culture
  C. dialogue D. introduction
  45. A. when B. where
  C. what D. who
  第三部分 阅读理解(共15小題;每小题2分,满分30分 )
  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
  A
  I travel a lot, and I find out different "styles (风格)" of directions every time I ask "How can I get to the post office?"
  Foreign tourists are often confused (困惑) in Japan because most streets there dont have names; in Japan, people use landmarks (地标) in their directions instead of street names. For example, the Japanese will say to travelers, "Go straight down to the corner. Turn left at the big hotel and go past a fruit market. The post office is across from the bus stop."
  In the countryside of the American Midwest, there are not usually many landmarks. There are no mountains, so the land is very flat; in many places there are no towns or buildings within miles. Instead of landmarks, people will tell you directions and distances. In Kansas or Iowa, for example, people will say, "Go north two miles. Turn east, and then go another mile."
  People in Los Angeles, California, have no idea of distance on the map; they measure distance in time, not miles. "How far away is the post office?" you ask. "Oh," they answer, "it is about five minutes from here." You say, "Yes, but how many miles away is it?" They dont know.
  Its true that a person doesnt know the answer to your question sometimes. What happens in such a situation? A New Yorker might say, "Sorry, I have no idea." But in Yucatan, Mexico, no one answers "I dont know." People in Yucatan believe that "I dont know" is impolite. They usually give an answer, often a wrong one. A tourist can get very, very lost in Yucatan!
  46. When a tourist asks the Japanese the way to a certain place, they usually _________.
  A. describe the place carefully
  B. show him a map of the place
  C. tell him the names of the streets
  D. refer to recognizable buildings and places
  47. What is the place where people measure distance in time?
  A. New York.
  B. Los Angeles.
  C. Kansas.
  D. Iowa.
  48. People in Yucatan may give a tourist a wrong answer _________.
  A. to save time
  B. to cheat him
  C. to be polite
  D. for fun
  49. What can we infer from the text?
  A. Its important for travelers to understand cultural differences.
  B. Its useful for travelers to know how to ask the way properly.
  C. People have similar understandings of politeness.
  D. New Yorkers are generally friendly to visitors.
  B
  The Tower of London Exhibits
  The Crown Jewels
  The Tower of London has been home to the Crown jewels since the 14th century and the Jewel House is an essential part of any visit to the Tower today.
  The White Tower
  Begun in the control of William, the White Tower marks the start of the Tower of Londons history as both a palace and a fortress. Today its house displays the Royal Armories collection, which includes the Armour of Henry VIII and the historic instruments of torture.
  Crowns and Diamonds
  The Martin Tower houses a special exhibition of Crowns & Diamonds: the making of the Crown Jewels, which explains the development of British crowns and the role that diamonds played in their decoration. Included in the display are five royal crowns, and over 12,000 diamonds.
  The Bloody Tower
  The Bloody Tower is traditionally believed to be where the ‘Princes in the Tower were imprisoned and murdered in 1483. Today the tower is furnished as it might have appeared during the 130-year imprisonment of Sir Walter Ralegh, who was charged with plotting against James I.
  50. If you want to see crowns and as many diamonds as possible, you will go to _____.
  A. The Jewel house
  B. The White Tower
  C. The Martin Tower
  D. The Bloody Tower
  51. The name of the Bloody Tower suggests that _____.
  A. some bloody incidents ever happened in it
  B. the tower was built for a prison in history
  C. many governors were kept and killed there
  D. it was once a place to kill prisoners
  52. Which of the following was the first building of the Tower of London?
  A. The Marin Tower.
  B. The Martin Tower.
  C. Traitors Gate.
  D. The White Tower.
  C
  Im Andrei, a shy kid, afraid of people. When I was 13, I decided to enter an art school. There, I met this 56-year-old teacher Peter who greeted me in a strange way when I went into his workshop.
  "Hi!" I said with half a voice. "I want to join in your classes. I like boats and planes and I want to control them with the remote control."
  He raised his chin up and was examining me. "So you can come, mess up my shop and then leave in two weeks?" he asked.
  It seemed that not a lot of people like him. Also kids could hardly focus on mastering a proper craft that takes detail and patience. But at last I persuaded him to take me in with all his doubts.
  I started the next day. I worked side by side with him. He made me do useless things instead of showing me how to create model replicas (復制品). But I stayed. I saw other kids coming and going, some only coming once per week and then giving up after a few weeks. The old teacher was more like a lifeguard making sure kids do not hurt themselves by cutting their fingers off. And indeed, they also made a mess with the glue and everything. I was also face-palming (捂脸) myself a lot seeing how my group was behaving sometimes.
  The fact is the old man was not that bad. He started opening up and I grew to admire him. He was teaching me his lifes work. We went on competitions and won prizes with models we built. For me, Ive found a good teacher, and for him he found his prize student.
  53. Why did Peter question Andrei when they first met?
  A. It was required by the school.
  B. Andrei made a bad impression on him.
  C. He doubted whether Andrei really wanted to learn.
  D. He greeted Andrei by asking this question.
  54. How did Andrei feel when his classmates made a mess?
  A. Embarrassed.
  B. Angry.
  C. Happy.
  D. Excited.
  55. From the text, we can infer that Peter _____.
  A. isnt a good teacher
  B. has a special teaching method
  C. treats his students badly D. has a gift for organizing his class
  56. Whats the authors purpose of writing the text?
  A. To express his thanks to his teacher.
  B. To highly praise his teachers class.
  C. To look back on his unusual childhood.
  D. To ask more people to respect his teacher.
  D
  New York is one of the large American cities to have some of its policemen on horseback. The New York police have 170 horses working in certain parts of the city. The horses are expensive to feed, but it is even expensive to look after them. Because the horses must walk on the streets, they need special horseshoes. In fact, they need more than 8,000 of them each year. Every police horse in New York gets new shoes every month. Keeping these shoes in good repair is the job of six blacksmiths. There are only about thirty-five of these blacksmiths in the whole United Sates.
  The cost of shoeing a horse is between twenty dollars and thirty-five dollars, and it takes a good blacksmith two or three hours to do the job.
  A blacksmiths job is not an easy one. He must be able to shape a shoe from a piece of metal and then fit it to the horses foot. The blacksmith must bend over all the time when he is fitting the shoe and must hold the weight of the horses leg while he works. But even more important, he must be able to deal with horses—for before the blacksmith can begin his work, he has to get the horse to lift its leg.
  One of the blacksmiths in New York is James Corbin. He came to the country from Ireland in 1948.He not only makes horseshoes for the police but also works for a group of horse owners near the city. Corbin became interested in blacksmithing because his father did it, and, as he puts it, "Its a good way to make a living."
  57. According to the passage, a blacksmith must be likely a _____ man.
  A. clever
  B. rich
  C. strong
  D. tall
  58. James Corbin became a blacksmith because he _____.
  A. was interested in horses
  B. was needed by the policemen
  C. drew a picture of the horses
  D. had to make a living
  59. In the passage "to shape a shoe" is to _____.
  A. fit it on the horses foot
  B. use it for two or three hours
  C. make the form of a horseshoe from a piece of metal
  D. draw a picture of the shoe
  60. The best title for the passage is _____.
  A. Policemen on Horseback
  B. Blacksmiths and Horseshoeing
  C. James Corbin, a Blacksmith
  D. Horseshoeing Is a Good Way to Make a Living
  第Ⅱ卷(非选择题 共45分)
  第四部分 书面表达(共三节)
  第一节 词汇运用(共两题,满分15分)
  (一)单词拼写(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)
  根据句意和首字母或汉语提示,将单词的正确形式完整地写在答题纸相应的位置上。
  61. Every year on Christmas Eve, St. Nicholas sends g______ to hundreds of millions of children around the world.
  62. Speaking English brings out a more outgoing, relaxed and ______ (自信的) side of me.
  63. It is important to form good sleep h______ early in life for health reasons, including being less likely to get fat.
  64. Luke Elsworth, 19, was offered a job by an airline and become one of the UKs y______ airline pilots.
  65. Atomic energy has been ______ (發现) for many years, but so far it has not been widely used in industry or in our daily life.
  (二)综合填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
  根据短文内容,用方框中所给词语的适当形式填空,使文章通顺、完整。(每词限用一次)
  [use if bring they begin third do usual keep on\&]
  From red lanterns to red envelopes, did you ever wonder why the color red is so popular in China, especially 66 the Chinese New Year? Legend has it that it all 67 with the Nian, a terrible beast that would harm villagers on the New Year, eating crops, livestock, and even children. But villagers learned this half bull with a lion head was afraid of 68 things: fire, noise, and the color red. Nian was defeated and from then on the color red was considered 69 good luck and good fortune to all. Lucky for you, you dont need to defeat a terrible beast to celebrate the Chinese New Year, all you need 70 is get your red on.
  " 71 red lanterns are hung outside the doors 72 away from bad luck," suggests Karen Katz, author of the recently published picture book, My First Chinese New Year. "Also red cutout papers 73 as decorations to hang on the walls. 74 you live near a Chinese neighborhood you should be able to purchase these items, but if not, go online and order 75 . You can also make your own cutouts."
  第二节 阅读表达(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
  阅读下面的短文,并根据短文后的要求答题。
  I love travelling, but it hasnt always been my passion. In my first year of university, I started to travel during the holidays. During the Christmas holiday I went to Paris, and during the spring vacation, I visited Athens and various cities in Italy—I was very excited because this was the first time I had travelled abroad with just my friends. This desire to travel started off simply as a way to have something to look forward to after exams, but I soon discovered how important it is to travel.
  On my travels I have had the opportunity to 77 experience new and different cultures through the art, history, language and food, but I have also had the chance to meet with people who have different outlooks on life. Travelling is a learning experience for both oneself and also the people you meet. Some people I met during my travels had never heard of the Gambia and it was very interesting to share my African roots with them. When you travel you will meet people who have different cultural backgrounds and as a result, sometimes your own ideas and opinions might be challenged. Its important to learn to see things from other peoples opinions.
  76. What is the passage mainly about? (Please answer within 10 words.)
  __________________________________________________________________________
  77. Please fill in the blank in Paragraph 2 with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 3 words.)
  __________________________________________________________________________
  78. Whats the reason for the writers strong wish to travel when exams are finished?
  __________________________________________________________________________
  79. Why does the writer say it is important to travel? (Please answer within 25 words.)
  __________________________________________________________________________
  80. Translate the underlined sentence in the second paragraph into Chinese.
  __________________________________________________________________________
  第三節 写作(共1题,满分20分)
  假设你是李平,你目前正在一所寄宿制学校学习,你想告诉父母亲有关学校生活的一些情况,请根据下面这些要点,给他们写一封信。
  要点:1. 学习进展;2. 与同学相处情况;3. 课外活动;4. 饮食情况。
  要求:1. 不要逐字逐句翻译,可适当增加情节;2. 词数100左右,信的开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。
  Dear Dad and Mom,
  How are you? I hope you are all well. It has been three weeks since I left home. Now Im writing to tell you something about our school life.
  ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Wish you all the best.
  Yours,
  Li Ping
  (参考答案见第85页)
  
 
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