中准网 - 传播价值、传递关注!

年中考英语模拟试题八


  第Ⅰ卷(選择题,60分)
  一、单项选择(共15小题,每小题1分,计15分)
  从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个可以填入句中空白处的最佳答案。
  1. ________ beautiful Christmas tree you have bought!
  A. What B. What a
  C. What an D. How
  2. —Im a little hungry, Mum!
  —Therere some apple pies on the table, you may take ________.
  A. one B. it
  C. this D. that
  3. Hurry up, Christopher! The train is leaving ________ less than ten minutes.
  A. in B. at
  C. for D. of
  4. WeChat has made our lives much ________, but it also brings us some troubles.
  A. easy B. easier
  C. the easier D. the easiest
  5. The twins are together most of the time. So they never feel ________.
  A. alone B. sadly
  C. happily D. lonely
  6. —I dont quite understand this detective story.
  —________ .
  A. So do I B. So am I
  C. Neither do I D. Neither am I
  7. —Cant you stay a little longer?
  —Im afraid I really ________ go now. My daughter is waiting for me outside.
  A. may B. can C. must D. need
  8. Youll get a great deal of information through the Internet ________ you click the mouse.
  A. until B. as soon as
  C. whether D. before
  9. Minions (小黄人) ________pretty popular since the film "Despicable Me" was shown.
  A. become B. will become
  C. have become D. are becoming
  10. Our monitor has made up his mind ________ a basketball match after the final exam.
  A. organizing B. organize
  C. organized D. to organize
  11. In China, the percentage of ________ in primary schools is bigger than that in high schools.
  A. female teachers B. females teachers
  C. females teachers	D. female teacher
  12. Can you ________ on the shelf when youve finished with the magazine?
  A. put it out B. put it up C. put it through D. put it back
  13. —________ do you think this fine weather will last?
  —Hard to say.
  A. How far B. How fast
  C. How long D. How often
  14. —Kate was not sure ________.
  —Luckily for her, she chose the third one and it was right.
  A. why the gates looked the same
  B. which gate she ought to go through
  C. that she should go through the third gate D. if she should go through the second gate
  15. —You have to turn off your mobile phone. This is the class rule.
  —________.
  A. Sorry, I didnt hear that
  B. No, you are wrong
  C. I couldnt agree with you more
  D. OK. Thank you for letting me know
  二、完形填空(共15小題,每小题1分,计15分)
  阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。
  Once upon a time, there was a small village. The villagers built a fountain and made good
  16 of it. People carried water from it 17
  their fruit trees and vegetables. The water spirit who 18 the water in the fountain was very happy because the villagers treated his water like valuable gold.
  As 19 went by, however, the villagers did not respect the water as they used to. The water spirit was 20 to see this happen. So, he slowed the flow of the water 21 to a trickle (细流). However, the villagers still didnt care. They
  22 to pollute and waste the water in the fountain.
  The water spirit got very angry. That 23
  he took action against the whole village. At dinner time, people who had 24 rubbish into the fountain found rubbish in their soup. The children who had made water bombs to throw at others were hit with mysterious water bombs ten times 25 than theirs.
  The village did not have a 26 night. Almost nobody was able to get to sleep before morning. Around noon, the next day, the people of the village gathered around the fountain to beg the water spirits 27 , but the water spirit didnt seem to be there.
  A little girl said she saw the water spirit
  28 up into the clouds early this morning. Just as the villagers started to cry and blame 29 for treating the water spirit and his fountain so badly, a cloud appeared overhead and began to rain
  30 water into the fountain below it. Suddenly, the little girl shouted happily, "Hes back, hes back ..."
  16. A. use B. money
  C. fun D. life
  17. A. with B. for
  C. at D. of
  18. A. changed B. attacked
  C. produced D. managed
  19. A. time B. water
  C. history D. day
  20. A. happy B. sad
  C. tired D. afraid
  21. A. up B. down
  C. away D. off
  22. A. continued B. stopped
  C. supported D. planned
  23. A. morning B. noon C. afternoon D. night
  24. A. collected B. thrown
  C. put D. picked
  25. A. lighter B. rounder
  C. smaller D. bigger
  26. A. meaningful B. colorful
  C. peaceful D. wonderful
  27. A. forgiveness B. happiness
  C. carelessness D. kindness
  28. A. pulling B. dancing
  C. rising D. walking
  29. A. himself B. itself
  C. themselves D. ourselves
  30. A. heavy B. dirty
  C. cold D. fresh
  三、閱读理解 (共15小题,每小题2分,计30分)
  A. 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳答案。
  A
  The Internet is full of false information. It is important for us all to avoid us being fooled by such information. Here are three examples of Internet hoaxes.
  On his website, a man by the name of Tony has asked for gifts of money to save the life of a pretty rabbit Toby that he rescued from under his house. A cat must have attacked the rabbit, the man claimed, so he took it in. He gave Toby loving care and nursed him back to health. There is a very cruel point, however. If the greedy man doesnt receive enough money, he will eat poor little Toby. (Dont worry, though. Remember, its just a hoax!)
  While the streets of New Orleans, the USA, were still flooded after a terrible hurricane, a frightening e-mail was sent around the Internet. It included a photograph of a large crocodile over five meters long. According to the message, it had been swimming around the flooded city eating people. It was later discovered that the photograph of the crocodile was of one photograph that was caught in the Congo (刚果) years before.
  The following e-mail hoax takes in many people. It claims that a large British company will pay you to send e-mail to as many people as possible. For every person that you send the e-mail to, it promises you will receive $5; for every person that you send it to that sends it to someone else, youll get $3; and for every third person that receives it, youll be paid $1. To make it even more believable, the sender says that at first he thought it was a hoax, but the company soon sent him $800.
  31. The underlined word "hoaxes" means _______.
  A. games
  B. websites
  C. lies
  D. stories
  32. The crocodile in the passage lived in _______.
  A. New Orleans
  B. the Congo
  C. Britain
  D. the USA
  33. Some people believe that they can _______ if they send e-mails.
  A. become famous
  B. find friends
  C. make money
  D. keep promise
  34. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
  A. The city of New Orleans was flooded because of the terrible hurricane.
  B. If the man doesnt receive enough money, he will eat poor little Toby.
  C. The crocodile swam around the flooded city and ate several people.
  D. Someone receives $800 from the company because of the e-mails.
  35. The main idea of the passage is to _______.
  A. teach us how to create a professional website with attractive stories
  B. show that someone can create good Internet hoaxes with some facts
  C. explain that, even though they seem false, Internet hoaxes might be true
  D. tell people to be careful of Internet hoaxes by giving some examples
  B
  Jaden and Noah were planning to redecorate their bedroom. The brothers were quite excited and ready to make changes, but mostly, they were eager to start painting.
  "Its going to look so awesome with green walls," said Jaden.
  "What? Who said anything about green walls?" Noah argued. "I was planning to paint our room red."
  "Red will look horrible, and besides, green is a much better color," Jaden replied.
  The boys smiles disappeared, and frowns started to become visible.
  "Okay, lets think about this, Im sure we can decide on a color together," said Noah.
  "Hey, I have an idea that might be useful. Our art teacher showed us how to use a color wheel, which displays all of the colors of the rainbow. All of the colors are arranged in a circle, and the color wheel shows how new colors are made from mixing certain main colors together. Lets look at a color wheel and see what we can come up with," Jaden suggested.
  Jaden pulled out a book about art that included a color wheel.
  "How is that going to help us?" Noah asked.
  "Well, maybe well find another color we both like," Jaden answered.
  Jaden opened the book to a page with a color wheel on it, and the boys began to study it. They saw that red and green are on opposite sides of the color wheel, which means they are very different from one another. Sometimes colors that are not alike work well together, but they can also be so different that they dont work well together.
  "Hey, these colors look good together," said Jaden. He pointed to a golden color and a green color. The colors were side by side on the color wheel, but they were not similar.
  Noah agreed. "But I really do like red," he added.
  "Well, I like blue as much as I like green. What would happen if we mixed blue and red?" Jaden asked.
  The boys looked at the color wheel. The color in between red and blue on the wheel was purple. They looked at each other and started to grin (咧嘴笑).
  "I think we might have solved our problem," said Jaden.
  "I think youre right," said Noah.
  36. The story is mostly about two brothers who ______.
  A. cannot get along
  B. discuss a problem and work it out
  C. cannot make a decision
  D. decide to paint a bedroom two colors
  37. Which word means the opposite of the word eager in Paragraph 1?
  A. Unwilling. B. Annoyed. C. Ready. D. Thoughtless.
  38. Jaden suggests he and Noah look at a color wheel to ______.
  A. find a color they both like
  B. show Noah what he learned in school
  C. prove green is better than red
  D. make Noah forget about the problem
  39. Where does Jaden find the color wheel?
  A. In his bag. B. On a shelf.
  C. In a book. D. At school.
  40. Noah and Jaden will most likely______.
  A. keep looking at the color wheel
  B. paint their bedroom blue and red
  C. decide on a color another day
  D. paint their bedroom purple
  C
  A good joke can be the hardest thing to understand when studying a foreign language.
  Theres more to learn understanding a joke in a foreign language than understanding vocabulary and grammar.
  Being able to understand local jokes is often seen as an ice-breaker for a language learner who wants to build friendships with native speakers.
  "I always felt that humor was a ceiling that I could never break through," said Hannah Ashley, who once studied Spanish in Madrid. "I could never speak to people on the same level as I would speak to a native English speaker. I almost came across as quite a boring person because all I could talk about was facts."
  In fact, most of the time, jokes are only funny for people who share a cultural background or understand humor in the same way.
  Chinese-American comedian Joe Wong (Huang Xi) found this out first-hand. He had achieved great success in the US, but when he returned to China in 2008 for his first live show in Beijing, he discovered that his humor didnt translate. People didnt think his Chinese jokes were as funny as his English ones.
  In Australia, many foreigners find understanding jokes about sports to be the biggest headache. "The hardest jokes are related to rugby (橄欖球) because I know nothing about rugby," said Melody Cao, who was once a student in Australia. "When I heard jokes I didnt get, I just laughed along."
  In the other two major English-speaking countries, the sense of humor is also different. British jokes tend to be more subtle (不易察觉) and dark, while American jokes are direct with their meanings, a bit like Americans themselves.
  41. What does the writer mean by using the underlined sentence?
  A. You need to learn about a culture to understand its jokes.
  B. Local jokes can help you to understand the local culture better.
  C. Making jokes can help you form friendships with native speakers.
  D. Understanding jokes requires excellence in vocabulary and grammar.
  42. What can we learn about Hannah Ashley?
  A. She feels confident in using Spanish.
  B. She believes that its better to tell the facts than jokes.
  C. She thinks that Spanish people do not have much of a sense of humor.
  D. Not being able to understand their humor makes her seem boring to Spanish people.
  43. Whats the writers purpose of using Joe Wong as an example?
  A. To prove that it can be difficult to translate jokes.
  B. To show that there are cultural differences in humor.
  C. To show that your language ability influences your sense of humor.
  D. To suggest that bilingual people (双语者) have no problems making people laugh.
  44. What are American jokes like?
  A. Ironic. B. Subtle. C. Dark. D. Direct.
  45. What can we learn from the article?
  A. Americans might not be able to enjoy British jokes.
  B. British peoples dark jokes often make people uncomfortable.
  C. English native speakers can all understand English jokes easily.
  D. Jokes about sports are the most difficult ones for foreign people.
  第Ⅱ卷(非選择题,共60分)
  B.任务型阅读。(共10小题,每小题1分,计10分)
  阅读下面短文,根据短文内容完成表格中所缺信息,每空一词。
  Everyone is born with the ability to learn. But whether or not you can do this well depends on your learning habits. Research shows that successful learners have some good habits in common.
  Creating an interest in what they learn
  Studies show that if you are interested in something, your brain is more active and it is also easier for you to pay attention to it for a long time. Good learners often connect what they need to learn with something they are interested in. For example, if they need to learn English and they like music or sports, they can listen to English songs or watch sports programs in English. This way they will not get bored.
  Practicing and learning from mistakes
  Good learners think about what they are good at and what they need to practice more. Remember: "use it or lose it"! Even if you learn something well, you will forget it unless you use it. Practice makes perfect. Good learners are also not afraid of making mistakes. Alexander Graham Bell did not invent the telephone overnight. He succeeded by trying many times and learning from his mistakes.
  Developing their study skills
  It is not enough to just study hard. You have to know how to study. Good learners find out the best ways to learn well. For example, they may take notes by writing down key words or by drawing mind maps. Good learners also look for ways to review what they have learned. They may do this by reading their notes every day or by explaining the information to another student.
  Asking questions
  Good learners often ask questions during or after class. They even ask each other and try to find out the answers. Knowledge comes from questioning.
  Learning is a life-long journey because every day brings something new. Everything that you learn becomes a part of you and changes you, so learn wisely and learn well.
  46 to Become a Successful Learner?
  [ 47 \&Researchers find that people who have formed some good 48 might become successful learners.\&
  Main body\&Get an interest in what they learn\&* Connect what they need to learn with something they are interested in.
  * Learn English by:
  listening to English songs;
  watching 49
  programs in English.\&Practice and learn from mistakes\&* Practice more and "Practice makes 50 ".
  * Dont be afraid of making mistakes 51
  good learners are always learning from mistakes.\& 52 the
  study skills\&* Take notes by:
  writing down key words; drawing mind maps.
  * Review what they have learned by:
  reading their notes every day; explaining the information to 53
  students.\&Ask questions\&* Ask questions during or after class.
  * Ask each other and try to 54 the answers.\& Conc-
  lusion\&Learn 55 and learn well and it will make you a successful learner.\&]
  C.閱读与回答问题。(共5小题,每小题2分,计10分)
  Dr. Livesey was not at home. He was dining with Squire (乡绅) Trelawney, so we rode on to the Hall, where the squire lived. The two men were sitting in a great library next to a bright fire.
  The officer told the story. The two men listened with surprise and interest. The officer then left. I gave the papers to the doctor and they asked me to stay and eat something after my adventures.
  "Have you heard of Flint?" Dr. Livesey asked the squire.
  "Yes, I have!" the squire replied. "He was one of the most dangerous pirates (海盗) that ever sailed the seas. He only cared about money and everyone was afraid of him. Nobody knows where he buried his treasure."
  "Maybe these papers give a clue," said the doctor, And we opened the captains papers. Inside there was a detailed map. It showed an island, about nine miles long and five wide. It had two good natural harbours and a hill in the centre, marked Spy-glass Hill. There were three crosses in red, two in the northern part and one in the south-west. Beside the last cross were the words: Most of treasure here.
  On the back of the map was this information.
  The treasure is by a tall tree. Spy-glass Hill is behind you to the north, Skeleton Island is below you to the south-east. The silver is in the north-east and the guns are in the north-west.
  John Flint
  Both the squire and Dr. Livesey were very excited.
  "Livesey," said the squire, "Tomorrow Ill go to Bristol. In ten days well have the best ship and crew (船員) in England. Hawkins will come as the cabin-boy. You, Livesey, will be the ships doctor. I can be the captain. We will have a good journey, and easily find the treasure. Then well have enough money to live happily ever after.
  "Of course Ill come with you," said the doctor. "But we must be careful. The men who attacked the inn know about this map. They are dangerous and they also want the treasure. We must keep the secret."
  回答下面5个问题, 每题答案不超过5个词。
  56. Where were Dr. Livesey and Trelawney sitting?
  ___________________________________
  57. How did they feel when they heard the story from the officer?
  ___________________________________
  58. How many red crosses were there on the map?
  ___________________________________
  59. Why would they look for the ship and crew in England?
  ___________________________________
  60. What did the doctor think of the men who attacked the inn?
  ___________________________________
  四、词汇(共20小题,每小题1分,计20分)
  A. 根据句意和汉语提示写出单词,完成句子。
  61. Then the wind stopped and the
  of the sea was still. (表面)
  62. Once you have made your , you should try to make it. (选择)
  63. We should pay attention to keeping our voice down in . (公共的)
  64. —You played the computer games all day long yesterday?
  —No. You are wrong. I was studying how to make up a program. (完全)
  65. Though I ordered several books on Taoba one day ago, has arrived. (没有一个)
  B. 根据句意用所给单词的适当形式填空。
  66. There are still some places that are
  to humans. (know)
  67. A group of came to visit our school yesterday. (German)
  68. Thanksgiving Day comes on the
  Thursday in November. (four)
  69. The government has built many
  places for car owners this year.(park)
  70. Dr. Ma, an doctor, told us something about last week. (blind)
  C. 根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词,使短文意思完整。
  I am lucky to have had great teachers in my life. Since I started teaching this year, I have spent a lot of time thinking about what makes a good teacher even b 71 . I hope someday to have students feel about me the way I feel about Mrs. Mitchell, Mrs. Porter, and so many more t 72 all these years.
  I may not know what the m 73 is for a great teacher but I do know that there are a few chief characteristics among those I have met.
  ●All my favorite teachers taught me both "the w 74 " of the course or class and also "the why"—why it was important to learn, to read, to count, to write an article and to u 75 the different parts of health system.
  ●All my favorite teachers that I remember t 76 respected me. Questions were expected and valued. There was always too much to d 77 , to challenge, to learn.
  ●All my favorite teachers classes stretched outside the classroom. When I was y 78 , I could ask a great teacher a question and know I would get a smile, an encouragement and an a 79 . As I got older, I could email questions to my teachers, come early to school or stay l 80 after a lecture.
  Even today, when I think of one of my favorite teachers or two, I hope I am making them proud.
  五、书面表达(共l题,计20分)
  假设你是Mike,来自盐城的友好城市美国圣地亚哥市,现在盐城某校读书。请根据所给提示,给好友Tom写一封介绍盐城的邮件。
  注意事项:
  1. 词数:100词左右(文章开头已给出,不计入总词数);
  2. 文中不能出现真实姓名、校名等信息;
  3. 文章必须包含所提供的主要信息,并作适当发挥。
  Dear Tom,
  Yancheng is a beautiful city in the east coast of the Yellow Sea. _____________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Yours,
  Mike
 
葛连干最佳答案每题盐城学生阅读阅读大全网站目录投稿:夏之